It’s just about going back to methods obvious to our grandparents, that we forgot.
Needs a profound respect to nature. It’s not about exterminating everything potentially dangerous for our crops. It’s about creating an enviroment where they cannot became too strong and dominate it.
We don’t force the nature to behave the way we want. We rather observe it and try to profit the most we can from what it’s giving to us. We are trying not to spoil the enormous potential of this place. And we cooperate with „the natives” ;). Thanks to three families of falcons living in the forest on the boder with our vineyard we don’t have poblems with other birds eating ripening fuits. The forest itself stops cold winter winds. Pheasants eat all the limaces in the area. Enomous amount of lady bugs and bot flies are keeping other insects in order.
Earthworms did an enomous work to improve the soil structure. To be honest they merite a statue at least. When we took over the farm after few decades of extremely extensive agriculture (a goverment runned farm was in charge of those fields), the soil was concrete hard. It’s not any more.
So far we didn’t get to an agreement only with the hares. They like the apple trees too much. But we are working on it. :-)
Our ancesters knew very well that you need to collect the herbs and when to cut the trees or harvest the carrots for winter. They watched the moon and they knew that who doesn’t obey the commonly known at the time rules, has poblems with the spoiled winter supplies. Dazzled by the modern agricultue with the artificial fertilizers, systemic pesticides and so on, we lost the ancien generations windsom. We try to get it back. But it’s a laborious processus.
What about grapevines? They grow and look pretty happy. And definitelly they seem to be much more resistant to the fungal deseases as well as low temperatures. In theory, the grape varieties we planted, shouldn’t resist -17o C. Three years ago we had -25o C. with almost no snow...
Unfortunately after 500 years long break in viticulture in our region, nobody has an idea what precisely was grown around here. As much as we would love to reconstruct the old native varieties, it wasn’t possible. We’ve chosen the noble, European varieties Vitis vinifera. The very same ones, grown in Burgundy, Bordeaux, Champagne or Alsace.
In our vineyard there are Chardonnay, Riesling, Merlot, Cabernet, Muscat, Gruener Veltliner, Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot noir.
30 000 yeas ago the place belonged to the mamoths. We are pretty certain of that because one of them did loose his tooth here(photo attached). In ‘70s there were archaeological surveys running in today's.
Merlot’s area. The researchers found lots of artefacts left by people leaving there 10 000 years ago. They even used to use amphoras. We guess they had to know wine as well. Did they grow the grape vines it’s hard to say, but we know for a fact that the vineyards in Southern Poland in let’s say 10 th century were very common. It used to be like this up to the 15th century when the climate in the whole Europe brusquely cooled down. Vitis vinifera disappeared from our region for 500 years. Came back only recently.